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Integrated system for producing synthetic aviation fuel from algal biomass (ALGALSAF)
UV-Vis Spectroscopy
Thermal analysis
Electrochemical analysis
Photochemical analysis
 

















ALGALSAF    

ABOUT the PROJECT

  • Cod project: PN-II-PT-PCCA-2011-3.2-0083
  • Contract No.: 44/2012
  • Project Title: "INTEGRATED SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING SYNTHETIC AVIATION FUEL FROM ALGAL BIOMASS"
  • Acronim : ALGAL-SAF
  • Project budget (including other sources) : 3.410.950 lei
  • Contract budget (only governmental source): 2.859.500 lei
  • Contract period : 2012-2016, 48 months
  • Funding Authority: Unitatea Executiva pentru Finantarea Invatamantului Superior, a Cercetarii, Dezvoltarii si Inovarii
  • Coordinator :  National Institute of Research and Development for Chemistry and Petrochemistry - ICECHIM

  • Project Abstract:

    ALGAL-SAF project focuses on the potential use of algae, as raw material for producing alternative fuels for aviation that could replace the petrochemical jet fuel up to 50% by volume without any durability problems, by an integrated technologies system starting from algae.

    The overall objectives of the project aim to complete valorisation of algal biomass, using an integrated system wherein bio-feedstock is subjected to oil extraction to produce algal oil and then dehydrating of de-oiled algal biomass comprising carbohydrates, in the presence of catalysts to yield furan derivatives. Further, we propose, simultaneously catalytic processing technologies of fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture by upgrading them into alcohol derivatives, and finally catalytic reforming processes for producing a mixture comprising iso/n alkanes, suitable for, or as a blending component for, uses such as an aviation fuel, being competitive and compatible, to current used fuels.No attempts were found in the literature about such an integrated system developed for synthetic aviation fuel production, as we have proposed in this project. We have found some knowledge gaps in the current state-of-art, as follows: (a) Selecting the microalgae able to grow in mixotrophic conditions for high yield algal oil production; (b) Mixotrophic microalgae culture, by supplementing culture media with crude glycerin, as carbon source and protein hydrolysate, as nitrogen source (c) Valorization of de-oiled algal biomass via furan derivatives, as precursors for aviation fuels; (d) Simultaneously catalytic processing technologies of fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture by upgrading them into alcohol derivatives; (e) Simultaneously dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerization processes of alcohol derivatives, for producing iso/n alkanes, suitable as synthetic aviation fuel.

    The project will contribute to environmental compliance of Directive 2009/28/EC, on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, which aims at achieving by 2020 a 20% share of energy from renewable sources in the EU's final consumption of energy and a 10% share in each member state's transport energy consumption.


PARTNERS

  • CO - National Institute of Research and Development for Chemistry and Petrochemistry - ICECHIM Bucharest,
    Project menager: Dr.ing. Emil Stepan - www.icechim.ro
  • P1 - Research Institute of Organic Auxiliary Products Medias,
    Partener responsabile: Olimpiu BLAJAN, www.icpaomedias.ro
  • P2 - University of Bucharest - Department of Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry and Catalysis,
    Partener responsabile: Prof. dr. ing. Vasile Parvulescu - www.unibuc.ro
  • P3 - SC Chimigaz SRL Medias,
    Partener responsabile: Augustin CRUCEAN www.icpaomedias.ro

PROJECT OBJECTIVE

The overall objectives of the project aim to complete valorisation of algal biomass, using an integrated system wherein bio-feedstock is subjected first of all to a step of oil extraction to produce algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and then the second step dehydrating of de-oiled algal biomass comprising carbohydrates, in the presence of catalysts to yield furan derivatives by new technologies which are competitive to current processes. Further, we propose, simultaneously catalytic processing technologies of algal oil/ fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture by upgrading them into alcohol derivatives, and finally catalytic dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerization processes for producing a mixture comprising iso/n alkanes.


EXPECTED RESULTS

  • technology for mixotrophic microalgae growth, harvesting algal biomass and algal oil extraction at laboratory scale and up-scale level. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level, will be performed; dissemination within congress / national or international conferences, publishing the results in national and international journals.
  • technologies for obtaining, purifying and stabilization furfural derivatives and furan derivatives, at laboratory scale and up-scale level. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level, will be performed; dissemination within congress / national or international conferences, publishing the results in national and international journals.
  • integrated technology for simultaneously catalytic processing of algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture by upgrading them into alcohol derivatives. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level will be performed; dissemination within congress / national or international conferences, publishing the results in national and international journals.
  • technology for integrated catalytic dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerization processes of alcohols derivatives, for producing a mixture comprising iso/n alkanes, suitable for, or as a blending component for synthetic aviation fuel. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level will be performed. dissemination within congress / national or international conferences, publishing the results in national and international journals.
  • technical feasibility study and one life cycle assessment (LCA) for microalgae based synthetic aviation fuel manufacturing technologies.

PROJECT STRUCTURE


STAGES

Completed activities - Stage I
  • I.1. Development of experimental models for algal mixotrophic growth on supplemental nutrients with glycerinous waters ( byproducts from esterification reaction of algal oil ), as carbon source and protein hydrolysates ( byproducts from processing of deoiled algal biomass for preparation of furan derivatives), as nitrogen source, of harvesting biomass and preparation of algal oil and/or of fatty acids methyl esters, as alternative natural renewable source for preparation of synthetic aviation fuel - CO
  • I.2. Development and characterization of experimental models for processing de-oiled algal biomass to obtain furan derivatives, as precursors for synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • I.3. Development and characterization of experimental catalysts models used for hydrogenation of algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture, to alcohol derivatives, and for dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerization processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P2
  • I.4. Development of experimental models for catalytic supports conditioning and depositing of active catalytic metals on them for use in the dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P3
  • I.5. Development and characterization of experimental models for simultaneous processing in integrated system of algal oil and/or fatty acids methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture for preparation of alcohols derivatives , as precursors of synthetic aviation fuel-CO
  • I.6. Development and characterization of experimental models of simultaneous catalytic processing in integrated system for preparation of a iso/n alkanes mixture, used as it is and/or additivation component in preparation of synthetic aviation fuel - P3


Completed activities - Stage II
  • II.1. Experimentation in order to protect intellectual property rights, of technological solutions for microalgal mixotrophic culture on supplemental nutrients with glycerinous waters (byproducts from transesterification reaction of algal oil), as carbon source and protein hydrolysates (byproducts from processing of deoiled algal biomass for preparation of furan derivatives), as nitrogen source, of harvesting biomass and preparation of algal oil and/or of fatty acid methyl esters, as alternative natural renewable source for preparation of synthetic aviation fuel. Dissemination of results through communication in international / national congresses - CO
  • II.2. Experimentation in order to protect intellectual property rights, of technological solutions for processing de-oiled algal biomass and obtaining furan derivatives, as precursors for synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • II.3. Experimentation in order to protect intellectual property rights, of technological solutions for obtaining of catalysts used for hydrogenation of algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture, to alcohol derivatives, and for dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerization processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P2
  • II.4. Experimentation in order to protect intellectual property rights, of technological solutions for catalytic supports conditioning and depositing of active catalytic metals on them for use in the dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P3
  • II.5. Experimentation in order to protect intellectual property rights, of technological solutions for simultaneous processing in integrated system of algal oil and/or fatty acids methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture for obtaining of alcohol derivatives, as precursors of synthetic aviation fuel. Dissemination of results through communication in international / national congresses - CO
  • II.6. Experimentation in order to protect intellectual property rights, of technological solutions for simultaneous catalytic processing in integrated system through dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation of alcohols derivatives, for obtaining of an iso/n alkanes mixture, used as it is and/or additivation component in producing of synthetic aviation fuel - P3
  • II.7. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level, of nutrient compositions for microalgal mixotrophic culture and of processes for algal biomass harvesting - CO
  • II.8. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level, on the process for obtaining of furan derivatives, from de-oiled algal biomass, as precursors for synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • II.9. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level, on catalysts used for converting algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture into synthetic aviation fuel - P2
  • II.10. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level, on processes for catalytic supports conditioning and depositing of active catalytic metals on them - P3
  • II.11. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level, on the catalytic processing of algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture in order to obtain alcohol derivatives - CO
  • II.12. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level, on catalytic processing of alcohol derivatives into iso/n alkanes - P3


Completed activities - Stage III
  • III.1. Demonstrating the functionality of technological solutions for microalgal mixotrophic culture on supplemental nutrients with glycerinous waters (byproducts from transesterification reaction of algal oil), as carbon source and protein hydrolysates (byproducts from processing of deoiled algal biomass for preparation of furan derivatives), as nitrogen source, of harvesting biomass and preparation of algal oil and/or of fatty acid methyl esters, as alternative natural renewable source for preparation of synthetic aviation fuel. Dissemination of results through communication in international / national congresses - CO
  • III.2. Demonstrating the functionality of technological solutions for processing de-oiled algal biomass and obtaining furan derivatives, as precursors for synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • III.3. Demonstrating the functionality of technological solutions for obtaining of catalysts used for hydrogenation of algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture, to alcohol derivatives, and for dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerization processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P2
  • III.4. Demonstrating the functionality of technological solutions for catalytic supports conditioning and depositing of active catalytic metals on them for use in the dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • III.5. Demonstrating the functionality of technological solutions for simultaneous processing in integrated system of algal oil and/or fatty acids methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture for obtaining of alcohol derivatives, as precursors of synthetic aviation fuel. Dissemination through publication of results. Dissemination of results through communication in international / national congresses - CO
  • III.6. Demonstrating the functionality of technological solutions for simultaneous catalytic processing in integrated system through dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation of alcohols derivatives, for obtaining of an iso/n alkanes mixture, used as it is and/or additivation component in producing of synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • III.7. Experimentation of pilot scale technologies for microalgal mixotrophic culture on supplemental nutrients with glycerinous waters (byproducts from transesterification reaction of algal oil), as carbon source and protein hydrolysates (byproducts from processing of deoiled algal biomass for preparation of furan derivatives), as nitrogen source, of harvesting biomass and preparation of algal oil and/or of fatty acid methyl esters, as alternative natural renewable source for preparation of synthetic aviation fuel - CO
  • III.8. Experimentation of micropilot scale technologies for processing de-oiled algal biomass and obtaining furan derivatives, as precursors for synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • III.9. Experimentation of micropilot scale technologies for obtaining of catalysts used for hydrogenation of algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture, to alcohol derivatives, and for dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerization processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P2
  • III.10. Experimentation of micropilot scale technologies for simultaneous processing in integrated system of algal oil and/or fatty acids methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture for obtaining of alcohol derivatives, as precursors of synthetic aviation fuel - CO
  • III.11. Experimentation of micropilot scale technologies for simultaneous catalytic processing in integrated system through dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation of alcohols derivatives, for obtaining of an iso/n alkanes mixture, used as it is and/or additivation component in producing of synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • III.12. Experimentation of micropilot scale technologies for catalytic supports conditioning and depositing of active catalytic metals on them for use in the dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P1


Completed activities - Stage IV
  • IV.1. Partial verification of pilot scale technologies for microalgal mixotrophic culture on supplemental nutrients with glycerinous waters (byproducts from transesterification reaction of algal oil), as carbon source and protein hydrolysates (byproducts from processing of deoiled algal biomass for preparation of furan derivatives), as nitrogen source, of harvesting biomass and preparation of algal oil and/or of fatty acid methyl esters, as alternative natural renewable source for preparation of synthetic aviation fuel - CO
  • IV.2. Partial verification of micropilot scale technologies for processing de-oiled algal biomass and obtaining furan derivatives, as precursors for synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • IV.3. Partial verification of micropilot scale technologies for obtaining of catalysts used for hydrogenation of algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture, to alcohol derivatives, and for dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerization processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P2
  • IV.4. Partial verification of micropilot scale technologies for simultaneous processing in integrated system of algal oil and/or fatty acids methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture for obtaining of alcohol derivatives, as precursors of synthetic aviation fuel. Dissemination of results through communication in international / national congresses - CO
  • IV.5. Partial verification of micropilot scale technologies for simultaneous catalytic processing in integrated system through dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation of alcohols derivatives, for obtaining of an iso/n alkanes mixture, used as it is and/or additivation component in producing of synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • IV.6. Partial verification of micropilot scale technologies for catalytic supports conditioning and depositing of active catalytic metals on them for use in the dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P1


Completed activities - Stage V
  • V.1. Final verification of pilot scale technologies for microalgal mixotrophic culture on supplemental nutrients with glycerinous waters (byproducts from transesterification reaction of algal oil), as carbon source and protein hydrolysates (byproducts from processing of deoiled algal biomass for preparation of furan derivatives), as nitrogen source, of harvesting biomass and preparation of algal oil and/or of fatty acid methyl esters, as alternative natural renewable source for preparation of synthetic aviation fuel - CO
  • V.2. Final verification of micropilot scale technologies for processing de-oiled algal biomass and obtaining furan derivatives, as precursors for synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • V.3. Final verification of micropilot scale technologies for obtaining of catalysts used for hydrogenation of algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture, to alcohol derivatives, and for dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerization processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P2
  • V.4. Final verification of micropilot scale technologies for simultaneous processing in integrated system of algal oil and/or fatty acids methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture for obtaining of alcohol derivatives, such as precursors of synthetic aviation fuel. Scientific communications - CO
  • V.5. Final verification of micropilot scale technologies for simultaneous catalytic processing in integrated system through dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation of alcohols derivatives, for obtaining of an iso/n alkanes mixture, used as it is and/or additivation component in producing of synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • V.6. Final verification of micropilot scale technologies for catalytic supports conditioning and depositing of active catalytic metals on them for use in the dehydration, hydrocracking and isomerisation processes to produce synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  • V.7. Feasibility study for technologies of synthetic aviation fuel production from microalgae - P1
  • V.8. Life cycle analysis for technologies of synthetic aviation fuel production from microalgae - CO

DISSEMINATION

Planned activities
  1. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level, on nutrient media composition for mixotrophic microalgae cultivation and algal biomass harvesting processes - CO
  2. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level on the process for producing furan derivatives, from de-oiled algal biomass, as precursors for synthetic aviation fuel - P1
  3. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level on catalysts used for converting algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives into aviation fuel -P2
  4. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level on the procedures for catalytic supports conditioning and depositing of active catalytic metals on them -P3
  5. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level on the catalytic processing of algal oil and/or fatty acid methyl esters and furan derivatives mixture by upgrading them into alcohol derivatives - CO
  6. Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level on the on the processes and methods for upgrading alcohol derivatives into iso/n alkanes - P3
  7. Dissemination of results through communication in international conferences / national - CO, P2
  8. Dissemination through publication of results - CO, P2
Activities carried out
Dissemination of results through communication in international / national congresses:
  1. Emil Stepan, Sanda Velea, Axens Marketing & Refining Technology Seminar, Implementing New Solutions for Higher Performance, November 12-14, 2012, Vienna
  2. Emil Stepan, Sanda Velea, Lucia Ilie, Elena-Emilia Oprescu, Adrian Radu, Cristina-Emanuela Enășcuță, "Aviation Biofuel from Microalgal Biomass", International Symposium "Priorities of Chemistry for a Sustainable Development" PRIOCHEM, 8th Edition, October 25-26, 2013, Bucharest.
  3. Emil Stepan, Sanda Velea, Olimpiu Blajan, Augustin Crucean, Lucia Ilie, Gabriel Vasilievici, Elena-Emilia Oprescu, Adrian Radu, "Synthetic jet fuel from microalgal biomass", 2nd International Conference: "CATALYSIS FOR RENEWABLE SOURCES: FUEL, ENERGY, CHEMICALS", July 21-28, 2013, Lund, Sweden
  4. Emil Stepan, Sanda Velea, Elena-Emilia Oprescu, Olimpiu Blajan Lucia Ilie, Gabriel Vasilievici, Radu A., Radu E., "Complete exploitation of microalgal biomass, to obtain synthetic aviation fuel", International Symposium "Priorities of Chemistry for a Sustainable Development" PRIOCHEM, 9th Edition, October 24-25, 2013, Bucharest.
  5. Sanda Velea, Lucia Ilie,Simona Ghimiș, Ana-Maria Popescu "Evaluation of electroflocculation for harvesting of freshwater microalgae", International Symposium "Priorities of Chemistry for a Sustainable Development" PRIOCHEM, 9th Edition, October 24-25, 2013, Bucharest
  6. Sanda Velea, Elena Radu, Daniela Stîlpeanu, Ana-Maria Popescu, "Valorisation of polysaccharides and proteins from defatted microalgae biomass", International Symposium "CHEMISTRY PRIORITIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - PRIOCHEM" - 10th Edition, Bucharest, October 30-31, 2014
  7. David Bedo, Olimpiu Blăjan, Augustin Crucean, "The influence of the hydrocloric acid to the process of obtaning 5-cloromethyl-furfural from D-fructose", International Symposium "CHEMISTRY PRIORITIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - PRIOCHEM" - 10th Edition, Bucharest, October 30-31, 2014
  8. Emil Stepan, Sanda Velea, Olimpiu Blăjan, Gabriel Vasilievici, Elena-Emilia Oprescu, Elena Radu, Adrian Radu, "Aviation biofuel obtained by complete processing of microalgal biomass", "XXXIII National Conference on Chemistry", Caciulata, October 01-03, 2014.
  9. Emil Stepan, Sanda Velea, Olimpiu Blăjan, Elena-Emilia Oprescu, Gabriel Vasilievici, Adrian Radu, Elena Radu, "Innovative process for the production of aviation biofuel from microalgal biomass", International Conference "BIOENERGY FROM FOREST", September 15-18, 2014, Helsinki, Finland.
  10. Emil Stepan, Sanda Velea, Olimpiu Blăjan, Elena-Emilia Oprescu, Gabriel Vasilievici, Elena Radu, Adrian Radu, "Bio-derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene from microalgae", International Conference "1st Chemistry in Energy Conference", September 19-23, 2015, Edinburg, United Kingdom
  11. Sanda Velea, Simona Bianca Ghimis, Ana-Maria Popescu, Elena Radu, "Effects of Organic Carbon Sources on Cell Growth and Oil Content of Microalgae Species", 19th Romanian International Conference on Chemistry and Chemical Engineering - RICCCE 19, September 02-05, 2015, Sibiu, Romania
  12. Emil Stepan, SandaVelea, Cristina Enascuta, Emilia Oprescu, Gabriel Vasilievici, Elena Radu, Adrian Radu, "Process for obtaining fatty acid methyl esters from microalgae oil", International Conference "Priorities of Chemistry for a Sustainable Development" PRIOCHEM, 11th Edition, Octomber 29-30, 2015, Bucharest, Romania
  13. Vasile I. Parvulescu, "Selective transformation of cellulose to different platform molecules" International Conference "25th Aniversary of Instituto de Tecnologia Chimica", Octomber 22-23, 2015, Valencia, Spain.
  14. Emil Stepan, Sanda Velea, Olimpiu Blăjan, Cristina-Emanuela Enășcuță, Gabriel Vasilievici, Elena-Emilia Oprescu, Elena Radu, Adrian Radu, "Innovative microalgae research for obtaining aviation turbine biofuel", International Conference "European Networks Conference on Algal and Plant Photosynthesis", April 25-29, 2016, Qawra, Malta.

Dissemination of results through publication in professional journals
  1. Sanda Velea, Lucia Ilie, Emil Stepan Emil, Ruxandra Chiurtu, "New photobioreactor design for enhancing the photosinthetic productivity of Chlorella Homosphaera culture", Revista de Chimie, 2014, 65 (1), 56-60, (ISSN 0034-7752)
  2. Elena Emilia Oprescu, Raluca Elena Dragomir, Elena Radu, Adrian Radu, Sanda, Velea, Ion Bolocan, Emil Stepan, Paul Rosca, "Performance and emission characteristics of diesel engine powered with diesel-glycerol derivatives blends", Fuel Processing Technology, 2014, 126, 460-468, (ISSN: 0378-3820).
  3. Andreea Dragu, Solen Kinayyigit, Eduardo J. García-Suárez, Mihaela Florea, Emil Stepan, Sanda Velea, Liviu Tanase, Vincent Colliere, Karine Philippot, P. Granger, Vasile I. Parvulescu, "Deoxygenation of oleic acid: Influence of the synthesis route of Pd/mesoporous carbon nanocatalysts onto their activity and selectivity", Applied Catalysis A: General, 2015, 504, 81-91, (ISSN: 0926860X), Impact factor 2014-2015: 3.942.
  4. Cristiana Rizea, Mihaela Bombos, Gabriel Vasilievici, Dorin Bombos, Ion Bolocan, "Acidity influence of catalysts on the process selectivity for the hydrogenation of methyl oleate", Revista de Chimie, 2015, 66 (12), xx-xx, (ISSN 0034-7752), Impact factor 2014-2015: 0.810.
  5. Emil Stepan, Cristina-Emanuela Enășcuță, Elena-Emilia Oprescu, Elena Radu, Adrian Radu, Ana-Maria Gălan, Gabriel Vasilievici, Vasile Lavric, Sanda Velea, "Intermediates for synthetic paraffinic kerosene from microalgae", Fuel, 172 (2016), 29-36, (ISSN: 0016-2361), Impact factor 2015-2016: 3.611.

Protecting of intellectual property rights, at national and international level, by patent protection
  1. Stepan E., Velea S., Oancea F., Oprescu E.-E., Bomboș M. M., "Procedeu și catalizator pentru obținerea esterilor metilici ai acizilor grași", Romanian Patent Application a 2013 00810 / 05.11.2013.
  2. Stepan E., Velea S., Oancea F., Bomboș M. M., Vasilievici G., Pârvulescu V., Blăjan O., Crucean A. C., "Procedeu de obținere a biocombustibilului pentru aviație din biomasă microalgală", Romanian Patent Application a 2013 00875 / 21.11.2013 - gold medal at "Salon of inventions and innovations INVENTIKA 2014", Bucharest, October 15-18, 2014; gold medal at exhibition of inventions "Brussels Innova, the International Exhibition of Invention, Research and New Technologies", Brussels, November 13-15, 2014.
  3. Oancea F., Velea S., Ilie L., Stepan E., "Tulpină de Nannochloris sp. pentru obținerea de biocombustibil pentru aviație", Romanian Patent Application a 2013 00847 / 14.11.2013 - gold medal at "Salon of inventions and innovations INVENTIKA 2014", Bucharest, October 15-18, 2014.
  4. Oancea F., Velea S., Stepan E., Ilie L., "Procedeu de cultivare mixotrofă a algelor unicelulare", Romanian Patent Application a 2013 00896 / 25.11.2013 - silver medal at "Salon of inventions and innovations INVENTIKA 2014", Bucharest, October 15-18, 2014.
  5. Bedo D., Bomboș D., Crucean A. C., Stepan E., Trifoi A. R., "Procedeu de obținere a 5-(clormetil)furfuralului din biomasa algală și a eterilor acestuia", Romanian Patent Application a 2013 00867 / 19.11.2013.
  6. Stepan E., Velea S., Oancea F., Oprescu E. E., Bomboș M. M., "Process and catalyst for obtaining fatty acid methyl esters", International Patent Application PCT/RO2013/000019 from 20.11.2013.
  7. Stepan E., Velea S., Oancea F., Bomboș M. M., Vasilievici G., Pârvulescu V., Blăjan O., Crucean, A. C., "Process for obtaining aviation biofuel from microalgal biomass", International Patent Application PCT/RO2013/000020 from 22.11.2013 - gold medal at "Salon of inventions and innovations INVENTIKA 2014", Bucharest, October 15-18, 2014; gold medal at exhibition of inventions "Brussels Innova, the International Exhibition of Invention, Research and New Technologies", Brussels, November 13-15, 2014.
  8. Oancea F., Velea S., Stepan E., Ilie L., "Process for mixotrophic cultivation of algae", International Patent Application PCT/RO2013/000025 from 27.11.2013 - silver medal at "Salon of inventions and innovations INVENTIKA 2014", Bucharest, October 15-18, 2014.
  9. Oancea F., Velea S., Ilie L., Stepan E., "Nannochloris sp. stain for obtainment of bio-based aviation fuel", International Patent Application PCT/RO2013/000026 from 27.11.2013 - gold medal at "Salon of inventions and innovations INVENTIKA 2014", Bucharest, October 15-18, 2014.
  10. Bedo D., Bomboș D., Crucean A. C., Stepan E., Trifoi A. R., "The process for obtaining 5-(chloromethyl)furfural and its ethers from algal biomass", International Patent Application PCT/RO2013/000021 from 22.11.2013.
  11. Stepan, E., Velea, S., Oprescu, E.-E., Vasilievici, G., Radu, E., Radu, A., "Process and catalyst for the production of fatty acid methyl esters", Romanian Patent Application a 2014 00440 / 13.06.2014 - gold medal at "International Exhibition of Research, Innovation and Inventions" PRO INVENT, 13th Edition, March 25-27, 2015, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  12. Stepan, E., Vasilievici, G., Velea, S., Bombos, M. M., Enascuta C.-E., Oprescu, E.-E., Radu, E., Radu, A., "Biocarburant pentru avioane cu turbina si procedeu de obtinere a acestuia", Romanian Patent Application a 2015 0803 / 09.11.2015 12. - gold medal with special mention at "International Exhibition of Inventions" PRO INVENT, 14th Edition, 2016, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

PROGRESS REPORT STAGE:


CONTACT

dr. ing. Emil Stepan, tel. 021.316.30.86, Fax: 021.312.34.93, e-mail: bioresurse@icechim.ro

INCDCP-ICECHIM Bucharest, Team Alternative Bioresources and Biofuel Spl. Independentei 202, sector 6, Bucharest, ROMANIA



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