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Biofuels and Horticultural oils by controlled Cyanobacterial Photosynthesis (GREENPOWER)

Gas-chromatography analysis
X-ray diffraction
Optical microscopy
FT-IR spectroscopy
Elemental analysis
 

















GREENPOWER    

ABOUT the PROJECT
GREENPOWER is a complex research & development Project as part of the National Program CEEX having the following major objectives, for medium and long term impact:
  • Capture of CO2 from the thermoelectric plant emissions based on fossil fuels;
  • Sustainable sequestration of CO2 in the accelerated photosynthesis of microalgae (cyanobacteria) with biomass producing;
  • Promotion of biofuels as alternative energy sources for agricultural machineries;
  • Promotion of hoticultural oils as biopesticides for ecological farms.
GREENPOWER will be able to integrate with the European techological platform PT 17 CLEAN ENERGY.


PARTNERS
  • RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE FOR CHEMISTRU AND PETROCHEMISTRY – ICECHIM -Bucharest (Project Coordinator)
  • RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE FOR PLANT PROTECTION - ICDPP - Bucharest
  • S.C. IPROCHIM S.A Bucharest
  • BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE - Cluj Napoca – ICB-CN
  • S.C. ELECTROCENTRALE S.A. – ELCEN – Bucharest
  • S. C. SABA PRODUCTS S.R.L.- Tunari - Ilfov

WORK PAKAGES
  • WP 1. ASSESSMENT OF THERMOELECTRIC PLANT EMISSIONS; Deadline: 15.11.2006
  • WP 2. STUDY OF CO2 CAPTURE FROM THERMOELECTRIC PLANT EMISSIONS; Deadline: 30.05.2007
  • WP 3. GUIDED STRUCTURES FOR OBTAINING LIPIDS THROUGH CONTROLLED PHOTOSYNTHESIS OF CYANOBACTERIA; Deadline: 30.10.2007
  • WP 4. LIPID EXTRACTION - TRANSESTERIFICATION; Deadline: 15.05.2008
  • WP 5. DEMONSTRATION OF EXPERIMENTAL MODEL FUNCTIONING; Deadline: 31.07.2008
  • WP 6. DISSEMINATION OF RESULTS; Deadline: 15.09.2008

RESULTS
The carbon biological sequestration, in particular the use of technologically adequate photosynthetic microalgae strains may be one of the most promising methods for the reduction of the CO2 emissions in the energy sector, both from the cost of the environment point of view and from the high value added products obtained by processing of algal biomass




Using the accelerated photosynthesis of the selected microalgae strains we demonstrated that they operate as an intensive natural reducing agent of CO2 in the flue gas produced by fossil coal power plants and they produce, by cell biosyntheses, lipids, as an alternative primary source for biodiesel and horticulture oils, carbohydrates, proteins, carotenoids and other compounds that can become high added value final products.

The researches demonstrated the efficiency of our experimental model of photobioreactor and the advantages of using of of microalgal culture for sustainable sequestration of CO2 from flue gases and concluded that Chlorella sp, Scenedesmus sp and Chlorobotrys sp could contribute to the creation of a system to produce biofuel and horticultural oils.

The schema of microalgae photosynthesis based on CO2 biofixation with obtaining of biofuels, horticultural oils and other co-products is presented below:


The following technologies and products were obtained:
  • 1. Technology for conditioning and processing of flue gases from 5 thermoelectric plants of S.C.ELCEN S.A. located in Bucharest (CET Vest; CET Progresul; CET Titan; CET Grozvești; CET Sud), based on an experimental model of CO2 absorbtion in controlled microalgal photosynthesis;
  • 2. Technology for biomass culture in photobioreactor, using selected algal strains, in order to obtain guided structures, especially biomass with high content of algal oil, which was analyzed for identifying of major components, such as proteins, lipids and carbohydrates;
  • 3. Technology for algal oil extraction by classical and unconventional techniques, such as Soxhlet extraction and ultrasound extraction;
  • 4. Technology for trans-esterification of algal oils in order to obtain biofuel, respectively biodiesel and horticultural oils, used for winter treatments in orchard and characterizing of fatty acids by gas chromatography.
The researches accomplished in the frame of GREENPOWER project grounded to another project GREENGHG, accepted for financing during 2008-2011, for valorization of other high added value products such as pigments, antioxidants, biopolymers, etc. by sustainable sequestration of CO2 in controlled algal photosynthesis.


CONTACT
  • general.manager@icechim.ro


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